What are Plex Client Profiles?

Plex Media Server contains specifications for client profiles that it uses to help determine whether a client supports the media file being played. Since each client is different, the specifications described in each profile is different.

What are Plex Client Profiles?

Table of contents

Where are the Plex client profiles located?

The system client profiles used by Plex are located on the server, since they are read when a client requests to play a video, music, or photo. The profiles are installed when Plex is installed, and are updated when Plex is updated.

Since the profiles are include and updated with Plex, changing any of the profiles would cause the changes to be deleted when Plex is updated.

The system client profiles can be found in the following location on the Plex server:

[Plex Installation Folder]/Resources/Profiles

You can also create user client profiles, which are not removed by Plex during an updated. These profiles would be located in the application data folder for the Plex user.

The path of the Plex user client profiles are located in the following path:

[Plex Application Data Folder]/Profiles

Note that the Profiles folder will not exist by default. You will need to manually create it and add the profiles to the folder.

How the Plex client profiles are structured

Each client contains a separate profile in an XML file on the Plex server. Within that profile there are specifications for the following:

Transcode Targets
This section can contain multiple definitions for video, music and photo profiles. These profiles are used to transcode a media item to one of the specifications provided. There can be multiple items for a profile, as a protocol can be specified that changes the type of profile to use.
Direct Play Profiles
These are the specifications that are used to determine whether a media file can be direct played on the client. If you have a client the always transcodes a media file, using the specifications described in this section to create the media file will help ensure it will direct play on the client.
Codec Profiles (Limitations)
Many clients have limitations that need to be addressed, such as only being able to play 8-bit video files. If a client has specific limitations, they will be listed in this section.

For the Transcode Targets and Direct Play Profiles sections, the following information is available:

Profile attributes for a client
AttributeDescription
protocolThe streaming protocol that is being used.
containerThe media container supported by the client.
codecA comma-separated list of codecs that are supported by the client.
audioCodecA comma-separated list of audio codecs that are supported by the client.
subtitleCodecA comma-separated list of subtitle codecs that are supported by the client.
contextThe context in which the media is being viewed by the client.

The Code Profiles section contains a list of limitations for specific codecs on the client. The list can include limitations on a video, audio or music codec.

The list is presented in a name and value pair. The name is what attribute of the codec contains the limitation, and the value is the upper bound of the limitation.

Determining what client profile will be used for streaming a media file may not be easy. For example, on my Windows 10 machine that is running the Plex application, my Plex Server uses the Plex Desktop profile and not the Windows 10 Desktop profile.

Client profiles

Below is a list of all the client profiles included with Plex. It is a long list, as Plex supports many different clients. Within each client section are the transcode targets, direct play profiles, and the limitations associated with the client, as defined by Plex.

Android

Limitations

Limitations of the Android client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
aacaudio.channels: 2

Asus Transformer Prime TF201

Limitations

Limitations of the Asus Transformer Prime TF201 client
CodecLimits
aacaudio.channels: 2

Chrome

See Web.

Chromecast

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Chromecast client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HTTP
Containers: MKV
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MKV
Codecs: OPUS
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: ASS
Codecs: ASS

Limitations

Limitations of the Chromecast client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
aac, mp3audio.channels: 2

cloudSync

Limitations

Limitations of the cloudSync client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitDepth: 8
video.frameRate: 30
video.level: 40
video.refFrames: 5
aacaudio.channels: 2
mp3audio.bitrate: 320
audio.channels: 2

Firefox

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Firefox client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: DASH
Containers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC
Context: streaming
Protocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: ASS
Codecs: ASS
Context: all

Limitations

Limitations of the Firefox client
CodecLimits
*video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 2

Generic

HTML TV App

Limitations

Limitations of the HTML TV App client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitDepth: 8

Internet Explorer

See Web.

<h3 id=iosipad1,1>iOS-iPad-1,1</h3> See iOS-iPhone-3,1.

<h3 id=iosiphone1,1>iOS-iPhone-1,1</h3> See iOS-iPhone-2,1.

<h3 id=iosiphone1,2>iOS-iPhone-1,2</h3> See iOS-iPhone-2,1.

<h3 id=iosiphone2,1>iOS-iPhone-2,1</h3>

Limitations

Limitations of the iOS-iPhone-2,1 client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 720
video.height: 576
video.bitDepth: 8
aacaudio.channels: 2

<h3 id=iosiphone3,1>iOS-iPhone-3,1</h3>

Limitations

Limitations of the iOS-iPhone-3,1 client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1280
video.height: 720
video.bitDepth: 8
aacaudio.channels: 2

<h3 id=iosiphone3,2>iOS-iPhone-3,2</h3> See iOS-iPhone-3,1.

<h3 id=iosiphone3,3>iOS-iPhone-3,3</h3> See iOS-iPhone-3,1.

<h3 id=iosipod1,1>iOS-iPod-1,1</h3> See iOS-iPhone-2,1.

<h3 id=iosipod2,1>iOS-iPod-2,1</h3> See iOS-iPhone-2,1.

<h3 id=iosipod3,1>iOS-iPod-3,1</h3> See iOS-iPhone-2,1.

<h3 id=iosipod4,1>iOS-iPod-4,1</h3> See iOS-iPhone-3,1.

iOS

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the iOS client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoContainers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC
Context: static
Protocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: WEBVTT

Limitations

Limitations of the iOS client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 2

Konvergo

Microsoft Edge

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Microsoft Edge client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3
Context: streaming
Protocol: DASH
Containers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: ASS
Codecs: ASS
Context: all

Limitations

Limitations of the Microsoft Edge client
CodecLimits
*video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 6

Mystery 3

See PlayStation 4 App.

Mystery 4

See PlayStation 4 App.

Mystery 5

See Xbox 360 App.

Opera TV App

See HTML TV App.

Opera

See Web.

Panasonic Viera 3D TV

Limitations

Limitations of the Panasonic Viera 3D TV client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitDepth: 8

PlayStation 3 App

See PlayStation 4 App.

PlayStation 3

Limitations

Limitations of the PlayStation 3 client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.frameRate: 30
video.bitrate: 15360
video.level: 41
ac3audio.channels: 6
audio.bitrate: 640

PlayStation 4 App

Limitations

Limitations of the PlayStation 4 App client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitDepth: 8
aacaudio.channels: 6
audio.bitrate: 256
audio.samplingRate: 48000

Plex Desktop

Raspberry PI

Limitations

Limitations of the Raspberry PI client
CodecLimits
h264, mpeg4video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitrate: 20000
video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.bitrate: 1000

Plex Home Theater

Limitations

Limitations of the Plex Home Theater client
CodecLimits
mp3audio.channels: 2
mp3audio.channels: 2

Plexamp

Popcorn Hour

Limitations

Limitations of the Popcorn Hour client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
aacaudio.channels: 2
aacaudio.channels: 2

Roku-3.1

Limitations

Limitations of the Roku-3.1 client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.refFrames: 5
video.bitDepth: 8
aacaudio.bitrate: 256
audio.channels: 2
aacaudio.bitrate: 256
audio.channels: 2

Roku-5.x

Limitations

Limitations of the Roku-5.x client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.refFrames: 8
video.bitDepth: 8
aac, mp3, mp2, pcm, flacaudio.channels: 2
aacaudio.channels: 2

Roku-5000X-6.0

Limitations

Limitations of the Roku-5000X-6.0 client
CodecLimits
*audio.channels: 6
*audio.channels: 6

Roku-6.x

See Roku-5.x.

Roku-7.x

Limitations

Limitations of the Roku-7.x client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.refFrames: 8
video.bitDepth: 8
aac, mp3, mp2, pcm, flac, alacaudio.channels: 2
aacaudio.channels: 2

Roku

See Roku-7.x.

RokuDLNA-3.1

Limitations

Limitations of the RokuDLNA-3.1 client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitrate: 8000
video.refFrames: 5
video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 2

RokuDLNA-4400X-7.x

Limitations

Limitations of the RokuDLNA-4400X-7.x client
CodecLimits
h265, vp9video.width: 3840
video.height: 2176
video.bitrate: 16000

RokuDLNA-5.1

Limitations

Limitations of the RokuDLNA-5.1 client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitrate: 12000
video.refFrames: 8
video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 2

RokuDLNA-5000X-6.x

Limitations

Limitations of the RokuDLNA-5000X-6.x client
CodecLimits
mpeg1video, mpeg2videovideo.width: 1920
video.height: 1088
video.bitrate: 20000
ac3audio.channels: 6
ac3audio.channels: 6

RokuDLNA-5000X-7.x

Limitations

Limitations of the RokuDLNA-5000X-7.x client
CodecLimits
mpeg1video, mpeg2videovideo.width: 1920
video.height: 1088
video.bitrate: 20000

RokuDLNA-6.x

Limitations

Limitations of the RokuDLNA-6.x client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitrate: 12000
video.refFrames: 8
video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 2

RokuDLNA-6000X-7.x

Limitations

Limitations of the RokuDLNA-6000X-7.x client
CodecLimits
h265, vp9video.width: 3840
video.height: 2176
video.bitrate: 16000

Safari

See Web.

Samsung SmartTV

Limitations

Limitations of the Samsung SmartTV client
CodecLimits
mpeg2videovideo.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.frameRate: 30
video.bitrate: 30720
ac3, wmav2, dca, aac, mp3audio.channels: 6

Samsung Tizen

Limitations

Limitations of the Samsung Tizen client
CodecLimits
ac3, wmav2, dca, aac, mp3audio.channels: 6
aacaudio.channels: 2

Samsung

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Samsung client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AC3
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: SRT
Codecs: SRT
Context: all

Limitations

Limitations of the Samsung client
CodecLimits
ac3, wmav2, dca, aac, mp3audio.channels: 6
aacaudio.channels: 2

Sonos

Limitations

Limitations of the Sonos client
CodecLimits
*audio.samplingRate: 48000
audio.channels: 2
audio.bitDepth: 16
audio.bitrate: 1411

Sony Blu-ray 2013

Limitations

Limitations of the Sony Blu-ray 2013 client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.frameRate: 30
ac3audio.channels: 6

Sony Blu-ray

Limitations

Limitations of the Sony Blu-ray client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.frameRate: 30
video.bitrate: 15360
video.level: 41
ac3audio.channels: 6

Sony Bravia 2010

Limitations

Limitations of the Sony Bravia 2010 client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
ac3audio.channels: 6

Sony Bravia 2011

Limitations

Limitations of the Sony Bravia 2011 client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
ac3audio.channels: 6

Sony Bravia 2012

Limitations

Limitations of the Sony Bravia 2012 client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
ac3audio.channels: 6

Sony Bravia 2013

Limitations

Limitations of the Sony Bravia 2013 client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080

Sony Streaming Player

Limitations

Limitations of the Sony Streaming Player client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.frameRate: 30
video.bitrate: 15360
video.level: 41
ac3audio.channels: 6
audio.bitrate: 640

tvOS

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the tvOS client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, EAC3, AC3, MP3
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: WEBVTT

Limitations

Limitations of the tvOS client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitDepth: 8
aacaudio.channels: 2

Universal Mobile

Limitations

Limitations of the Universal Mobile client
CodecLimits
h264video.bitDepth: 8
video.frameRate: 30
video.level: 40
video.refFrames: 5
aacaudio.channels: 2

Universal Recording

Universal TV

Limitations

Limitations of the Universal TV client
CodecLimits
h264video.bitDepth: 8
video.frameRate: 30
video.level: 40
video.refFrames: 5

Unknown Browser

See Web.

Vivaldi

See Web.

Web

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Web client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Context: streaming
Protocol: DASH
Containers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC
Context: streaming
Protocol: HTTP
Containers: MKV
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: ASS
Codecs: ASS
Context: all

Limitations

Limitations of the Web client
CodecLimits
*video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 6

Western Digital TV Live

Limitations

Limitations of the Western Digital TV Live client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.level: 41

Wii U

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Wii U client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC
Context: streaming
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: ASS
Codecs: ASS
Context: all

Limitations

Limitations of the Wii U client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitDepth: 8
*audio.channels: 2

Windows 10 Desktop

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Windows 10 Desktop client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3
Context: streaming
Containers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3
Context: static
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: WEBVTT

Direct Play Profiles

Direct Play profile values for the Windows 10 Desktop client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoContainers: MKV
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, MSMPEG4V2, HEVC, H264, VC1
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3, FLAC, PCM
Containers: MP4, MOV
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, MSMPEG4V2, HEVC, H264, VC1, WMV1, WMV2, WMV3, DVVIDEO, MJPEG
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3
Containers: MOV
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, MSMPEG4V2, HEVC, H264, VC1, WMV1, WMV2, WMV3, DVVIDEO, MJPEG
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3, PCM
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3, MP2, PCM
Containers: ASF
Codecs: VC1, WMV1, WMV2, WMV3
Audio Codecs: WMAV2, WMAPRO, WMAVOICE
Containers: AVI
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, MSMPEG4V2, H264, VC1, WMV1, WMV2, WMV3, DVVIDEO, MJPEG
Audio Codecs: MP3, AC3, EAC3, MP2, PCM
Containers: DV
Codecs: DVVIDEO
Audio Codecs: MP3, AC3, EAC3, MP2, PCM
MusicContainers: ASF
Codecs: WMAV1, WMAV2, WMAV3, WMAPRO, WMAVOICE
Containers: MP4
Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, ALAC
Containers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
Containers: MP2
Codecs: MP1, MP2
Containers: AC3
Codecs: AC3, EAC3
Containers: AAC
Codecs: AAC
Containers: FLAC
Codecs: FLAC
Containers: WAV
Codecs: PCM
PhotoContainers: JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP
SubtitleContainers: WEBVTT

Limitations

Limitations of the Windows 10 Desktop client
CodecLimits
h264video.bitDepth: 8
aacaudio.channels: 6
audio.samplingRate: 48000
aacaudio.samplingRate: 48000

Windows 10 Mobile

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Windows 10 Mobile client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Context: streaming
Containers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Context: static
MusicContainers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: WEBVTT

Direct Play Profiles

Direct Play profile values for the Windows 10 Mobile client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoContainers: MKV
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, HEVC, H264, VC1
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3, FLAC, PCM
Containers: MP4
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, HEVC, H264, VC1, MJPEG
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3
Containers: MOV
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, HEVC, H264, VC1, MJPEG
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3, PCM
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, MP3, MP2, PCM
Containers: AVI
Codecs: MPEG4, MSMPEG4, H264, VC1, MJPEG
Audio Codecs: MP3, MP2, PCM
MusicContainers: ASF
Codecs: WMAV1, WMAV2, WMAV3, WMAPRO
Containers: MP4
Codecs: AAC, ALAC
Containers: MP3
Codecs: MP3
Containers: AAC
Codecs: AAC
Containers: FLAC
Codecs: FLAC
Containers: WAV
Codecs: PCM
PhotoContainers: JPEG, PNG, GIF, BMP
SubtitleContainers: WEBVTT

Limitations

Limitations of the Windows 10 Mobile client
CodecLimits
*video.bitrate: 40000
aacaudio.channels: 6
audio.samplingRate: 48000
aacaudio.samplingRate: 48000

Windows Phone

Limitations

Limitations of the Windows Phone client
CodecLimits
*video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
video.bitrate: 40000
aacaudio.samplingRate: 48000
aacaudio.samplingRate: 48000

Windows

Limitations

Limitations of the Windows client
CodecLimits
h264video.bitDepth: 8
aacaudio.channels: 6
audio.samplingRate: 48000
aacaudio.samplingRate: 48000

Xbox 360 App

Limitations

Limitations of the Xbox 360 App client
CodecLimits
aacaudio.channels: 2

Xbox 360

Limitations

Limitations of the Xbox 360 client
CodecLimits
mpeg4video.width: 1280
video.height: 720
video.frameRate: 30
video.bitrate: 5120
ac3, wmav2, wmaproaudio.channels: 6

Xbox One

Transcode Targets

Transcode target values for the Xbox One client
Profile TypeSpecifications
VideoProtocol: DASH
Containers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AC3, AAC
Context: streaming
Protocol: HLS
Containers: MPEGTS
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AC3, AAC
Context: streaming
Containers: MP4
Codecs: H264
Audio Codecs: AAC, AC3, EAC3, MP3
Context: static
MusicContainers: MP4
PhotoContainers: JPEG
SubtitleContainers: ASS
Codecs: ASS
Context: all

Limitations

Limitations of the Xbox One client
CodecLimits
h264video.width: 1920
video.height: 1080
*audio.channels: 6

ZP

Limitations

Limitations of the ZP client
CodecLimits
*audio.samplingRate: 48000
audio.channels: 2
audio.bitDepth: 16
audio.bitrate: 1411